A rough textured slender trunk and feathery, widespreading canopy characterize the Date Palm. The gray-green head of leaves is ascending in the center and downcurving towards the outside, giving a stiff formal appearance. Offshoots may appear at ground level or on the trunk. Trees are male or female, and both sexes must be planted to ensure fruit production. In some areas, pollen can be obtained commercially to fertilize a single female tree. In urban landscapes this palm makes a dramatic specimen tree. It is also planted in rows along roadways and drives. The Date Palm blends well with desert growth to give a feeling of a desert oasis. Its slender trunk makes this species more graceful for some landscape uses than Canary Island Date Palm.
Climate Zone: 4, 5
Light Exposure: Part shade to full sun
Water Use: Low, medium or high
Growth Rate: Slow
Trunk Width: 2'-2.5'
Cultural Requirements: To develop a single trunk or maintain a neat appearance, offshoots need to be removed or limited to a few in number. Transplanting is best in summer. Regular irrigation and fertilizer encourages best growth.
Problems: Old fronds and fruit drop require considerable cleanup. Too messy for pool/patio use. Susceptible to bud rot, palm borer, and nematodes. Pruning may be costly when the palm is tall.