The Dracaena family makes up an important group of plants used to decorate, scrub the air and make "green" homes, offices, malls, apartments and the landscape around the world. This group of diverse shaped plants consist of approximately 40 or so assorted species coming in a varieties of forms and sizes. You can find Dracaena in sizes anywhere from 4 inch pots to towering specimen.
LIGHTING REQUIREMENTS: Dracaena houseplants will grow slowly in low light but grow faster in medium light. If the light is extremely low, new leaves on the plant will be smaller and narrower in size. Placing Dracaena houseplants in the direct sun, even for a few minutes, burns the leaves.
CARE INSTRUCTIONS WATER: When in doubt, do not water Dracaena houseplants. Allow the top 50% of the soil to dry out before watering. The lower the light, the less often Dracaena plants need water. Fluoride, chlorine, and salt in the water cause brown tips and yellow spots on the leaves of Dracaenas.
FERTILIZER: Dracaena Plants do not need very much plant food. Feed a Dracaenas once or twice a year in the spring and summer with a basic houseplant food at 1/2 the recommended strength. Too much fertilizer causes leaf tip burn on Dracaena Plants.
TEMPERATURE: Dracaena plants do not do well in temperatures below 55 degrees. Cold winter drafts and blowing heaters damage the leaves of Dracaena Plants.
HUMIDITY: Basic household humidity is sufficient for a Dracaena.
FLOWERING: If the growing conditions are right, a Dracaena plant may produce a 10"-12" stalk with a large fragrant white flower. Although this is fun to see, the flower often slows down leaf production, alters the shape of the plant, and may secrete a messy sticky sap that get all over the plant. I recommend cutting off the flower as soon as it starts to grow.
PESTS: Plant pests such as Mealy Bugs and scale can be a problem for Dracaena plants. Spray the plant with the green solution and then carefully wipe the leaves. This removes dust buildup as well as the plant pests.
DISEASES: Leaf Spot is the main Dracaena plant disease.
SOIL: Dracaena plants need a loose soil that drains quickly. In Hawaii, Dracaenas are often grown in lava rock.